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Tuesday

How was it to live in London in 19th century?

Engravings mostly by anonymous artists.

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon Bridge, 1878

In the first half of 19th c. the population of greater London raised from one million to 4,5 mil people, while the number of residents of the City diminished from 120,000 to fifty thousand.
London's fog was very thick, very real -- in November the worst -- the yellowish mantle covered all the city. During the day the inhabitants had to keep the light lit inside. As contemporaries noted the fog caused unpleasant sensations and pain in lungs. The coal stoves could be partly blamed though - the sky started getting black at 8 o'clock in the morning when thousands of households began preparing breakfast and warming up the quarters. Wearing white shawls at night was risky for ladies as they turned gray. Allegedly, black umbrellas appeared in order to hide these particular atmospherics.
Sometimes the fog was so thick, an observer reported that you could hold a man by the hand and wouldn't see his face. It often happened people lost their ways. The most unfortunate ones even drowned in the Thames. In 1873 during one week more than 700 people died in London and cattle smothered to death at a show.

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Whitehall, 1874

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, British Museum, 1815



100 tons of horse dung had been dropped daily in the streets of the city that were not paved by mid-century at least. The wind raised trails of dust in good weather which turned into thick mud when it started raining. There were crossing sweepers on every major street who for penny would sweep the street in front of you to give you way.

No better was the Thames. Every day 280,000 tons of London sewage and waste from the factories along the riverside had been dumped was dumped into the water, spreading the cholera epidemics that wiped out London in the beginning of the century. In the summer of 1858 Parliament ended its session earlier due to the unbearably bad smell.

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Buckingham Palace, 1838

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Westminster Abbey, 1815

There was also a noise factor: the unceasing sound of the wheels and horses hooves clacking over the pavement, the bells and cries of the street merchants selling matches, knives, rat poison, books etc., the unceasing sound of the wheels and horses hooves crashing on the pavement, the musicians with street-organs and clarinet players.

The children also made their contribution to the din of the numerous costermongers -- until 1880 there was no mandatory school and children under 14 (30-40% of the population) were free all day, playing in the streets or fetching cabs for ladies, holding horses for gentlemen and doing cartwheelers and handstands in hope to make a penny.
Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Buckingham Palace, 1810

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesEarl Spencer's House, Geeen Park, 1815

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Adelphi Terrace, 1834

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Bank of England Rotunda, 1816

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Bank of England, 1814

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Kensington Palace, 1815

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Duke's Theatre, Dorset Gardens, 1814

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Finsbury Square, 1801

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Fleet Street and Westminster Abbey, 1815

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, German Gymnasium in St.Pancras Road, 1866

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Chapel in Ely Place, 1815

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Goldsmiths Hall, 1811

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Hillyers Bridge, 1839

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Houses of Lords and Commons, 1815

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Hungerford Market, The Strand, 1828

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Hyde Park in 1851

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Junction of the Regent & Canal at Paddington, 1828

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Lothbury Court, Bank New Buildings, 1809

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Mansion House, 1814

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Merchant Taylors School, 1815

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, New Market, Bethnall Green, 1866

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuries

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesSaddler's Wells Theatre, 1828

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesSomerset House, 1834

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Southwark, School for Blind, 1840

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, St. Dunstans in the East, 1815

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, St.Jame's Park, Chinese Pagoda, 1814

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, St. Martin Church, Westminster, 1810

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, St.Mary's Le Strand, 1848

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, St.Paul's Cathedral interior, 1816

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, St.Paul's School, 1814

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, Vauxhall Gardens, 1839

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, The Second fishmonger's Hall, 1878

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, View on Fish Street Hall with the Monument, 1809

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, The Royal Exchange, Engraved by Francesco Bartolozzi

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesLondon, The Royal Exchange, Engraved by by Sands

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesThe Tower Horse Armoury

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesThe Tower Menagerie, about 1820

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesThe Tower Moat, about 1820

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesThe Tower of London, the Jewel Room, 1878

Views of London-old prints and engraving,London in 18-19 centuriesWestminster Abbey


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4 comments:

  1. you have a beautiful web-sight

    a delight to look at

    thank you

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thanks a lot, I appreciate it dearly

    ReplyDelete
  3. Love your great pictures.
    Do you mind if I copy one or two for my family tree? I have a relative who lived at Finsbury Square and its a great image

    ReplyDelete

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