The National Socialist Society for German Culture declared most of the Expressionists, Cubists, Surrealist, Fauvists, 19th century Impressionists and Post-Impressionists to be insane and morally corrupt. Many historians believe Hitler despised the artists of his day because he was rejected twice by the Academy of Fine Arts of Vienna (1907–1908), citing "unfitness for painting," and was told his abilities lay instead in the field of architecture.
Hitler's favorite artists included Lucas Cranach, Hieronymus Bosch, Albrecht Durer, Frans Hals, Rembrandt, Meindert Hobbema and Quentin Metsys. Hitler felt that these painters upheld wholesome decent standards.
In 1937, Joseph Goebbels, Minister of Propaganda organized a public exhibition of banned art.
The exhibition was called "Entartete Kunst," meaning, "Degenerate Art." The purpose of the exhibition was to show the public the stupidity, immorality, and depravity of the modern art movement. The exhibit traveled for four years and was visited by 3 million people.