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Women Artists. Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179)

Women Artists. Prehistoric Time
Women Artists. Herrad von Landsberg (1160–70 - 1195)

In the Early Middle Ages rich women - wives and mistresses of monarchs and aristocrats, wealthy merchants, - ordered expensive items of religious art such as lluminated manuscripts and mosaics at the convent workshops. Monks and Nuns were the main artists during the Middle Ages. Amazingly beautiful, embroidered expensive fabrics with gold and silver threads, embroidered with pearls and precious stones, were produced at the court workshops of European kings and Russian tzars, of rich European elite.
Unfortunately, there's almost no information about the women artists of antiquity and the Middle Ages - many of them remained unknown.

Hildegard of BingenHildegard of Bingen (1098-1179)

She was a remarkable woman, a "first" in many fields. At a time when few women wrote, Hildegard, known as "Sybil of the Rhine", produced major works of theology and visionary writings. When few women were accorded respect, she was consulted by and advised bishops, popes, and kings. She used the curative powers of natural objects for healing, and wrote treatises about natural history and medicinal uses of plants, animals, trees and stones.

She is the first composer whose biography is known. She founded a vibrant convent, where her musical plays were performed. Although not yet canonized, Hildegard has been beatified, and is frequently referred to as St. Hildegard. Revival of interest in this extraordinary woman of the middle ages was initiated by musicologists and historians of science and religion. Less fortunately, Hildegard's visions and music had been hijacked by the New Age movement, whose music bears some resemblance to Hildegard's ethereal airs. Her story is important to all students of medieval history and culture and an inspirational account of an irresisible spirit and vibrant intellect overcoming social, physical, cultural, gender barriers to achieve timeless transcendence. fordham.edu

Hildegard of Bingen"Universal Man" illumination from Hildegard's Liber Divinorum Operum, 1165

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