Women Artists. Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179)
Women Artists. Herrad von Landsberg (1160–70 - 1195)
Assumingly women's role in the development of art like cave paintings and rock art, portable art like figurines and beads, mythology and epic poetry, dance and songs, was much greater than the researchers could think in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Most scientists considered the prehistoric chipping imprints of human hands left on rock walls at least 30,000 years ago were male. Pennsylvania State University archaeologist Dean Snow, by measuring and analyzing the Pech Merle (France) hand stencils, found that many were female. Analyzing hand stencils in Spain's El Castillo cave, Dr. Snow concluded many of the artists had been female.
"The very long ring finger on the left is a dead giveaway for male hands," he said. "The one on the right has a long index finger and a short pinky--thus very feminine."
Spain's Maltravieso cave, a Paleolithic site, dates back more than 20,000 years. "Elena's hand [pictured] was typical for little girls," said Snow.
"We don't know what the roles of artists were in Upper Paleolithic society [roughly 40,000 to 20,000 years ago] generally," he said. "But it's a step forward to be able to say that a strong majority of them were women."
Source: National Geographic