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Martin Johnson Heade (1819-1904) American Painter

Landscape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeHayfields a Clear Day, 1871

Landscape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeNewburyport Meadows, 1871

The artist was renowned for his marsh landscapes, seascapes, paintings of tropical birds, and still lifes.
He was born in Lumberville, Pennsylvania, and spent his childhood there. His family ran a store and post office, and the family name spelled Heed.
Heade received his first art training from the folk artist Edward Hicks.
After traveling abroad and living in Rome for two years, Heade exhibited his first work at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1841. Since 1848, he had been exhibiting regularly, after another trip to Europe, he became an itinerant artist until he settled in New York in 1859. Heade took a studio in a building that housed many of the famous Hudson River School artists of the time. He was a close friend with Frederic Edwin Church.

Seascape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeApproaching Thunder Storm, 1859



Seascape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeThe Stranded Boat, 1863


In 1863-1864 Heade travelled to Brazil, he painted over forty works of hummingbirds. Heade returned to the tropics twice, journeying to Nicaragua, Colombia, Panama, and Jamaica.
Today Heade is best known for his paintings of the New England coastal salt marsh, in which the artist focused on the depiction of light and atmosphere, so some historians characterized Heade as a Luminist painter. In 1883 the painter moved to Florida where he created numerous still lifes of southern flowers, particularly magnolia blossoms laid on velvet.

Heade was not a famous artist during his time, and was nearly forgotten after his death. The new appreciation of his work sparked around World War II, and art historians came to consider him as one of the most important American artists of his generation.

Landscape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeApril shower, 1868

Seascape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeA Summer afternoon, Boston Harbour

Landscape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeLandscape with Hay Wagon, 1880

Seascape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeThunder Storm on Narragansett Bay, 1868

Seascape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeApproaching Storm Beach near Newport, 1861

Landscape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeMarshfield Meadows, Massachusetts, 1866

Landscape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeSalt Marshes, Newburyport, Massachusetts, 1866

Landscape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeSalt Marsh Hay, 1866

Landscape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeMeadow, 1871

Seascape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeBecalmed, Long Island Sound, 1876

Landscape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeCloudy Day, Rhode Island, 1861

Seascape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeLake George, 1862

Seascape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeShore scene Point Judith, 1863

Seascape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeCoast of Jamaica, 1874

Seascape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeDawn, 1862

Landscape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeJersey Marshes, 1874

Seascape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeRio de Janeiro Bay, 1864

Seascape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeSeascape Brazilian View, 1865

Landscape Painting by American painting Martin Johnson HeadeThe Great Florida Sunset, 1887

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