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Carta Marina by Olaus Magnus (16th c)

The ancient Carta Marina of the north-east Atlantic was published in 1539. It almost perfectly represents the ocean currents and eddies that swirl today. Its creator, Olaus Magnus (1490–1557), an exiled Swedish priest living in Italy, probably gleaned his information from traders and mariners who sailed the North Atlantic. The map is physically huge, it's made up of 9 wood lithograph prints and gives the first reasonably accurate description of all of northern Two copies of this map exist today and one of these can be seen at the library at the University of Uppsala, Sweden.Only two earlier maps of Scandinavia are known, The maps of Jacob Ziegler and Claudius Clavus are the only two known earlier maps of Scandinavia.

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